Mostly people relate the swastika symbol to the Nazis. But if you see this symbol in India, it doesn’t mean they are Nazis or anything like it. In fact, the swastika in India is a symbol of auspiciousness and it was used even before the Nazis.
- conducive to success; favorable.
- characterized by success; prosperous.
The swastika is a symbol that generally takes the form of an equilateral cross, with its four arms bent at 90 degrees. There are many similarly-shaped symbols that westerners refer to as swastikas, but the indigenous users of these symbols never called them by this name.
These symbols have also been used in various other ancient civilizations around the world including Turkic, India, Iran, Nepal, China, Japan, Korea and Europe. It remains widely used in Indian religions, specifically in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, primarily as a tantric symbol that invokes Lakshmi – the Hindu goddess of wealth, prosperity and auspiciousness.
Meaning and Ethymology
The word “swastika” comes from the Sanskrit svastika – “su” (meaning “good” or “auspicious”) combined with “asti” (meaning “it is”), along with the diminutive suffix “ka.” The symbol literally means “it is good.”
It is a common practice for Hindus to draw a Swastika symbol on the doors and entrances to their houses during festivals, which is believed to symbolize an invitation to goddess Lakshmi.
The swastika was adopted as a symbol of the Nazi Party of Germany in 1920, who used it as a symbol of the Aryan race. After Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, a right-facing 45° rotated swastika was incorporated into the flag of the Nazi Party, which was made the state flag of Germany during the Nazi era. Hence, the swastika has become strongly associated with Nazism and related concepts such as antisemitism, hatred, violence, death, and murder in many western countries, and is now largely stigmatized there due to the changed connotations of the symbol.
The swastika is a historical sacred symbol both to evoke ‘Shakti’ in tantric rituals and evoke the gods for blessings in Indian religions.
In Hinduism, it is in certain sects considered a symbolic representation of Ganesha. The swastika is made with Sindoor during some Hindu religious rites.
In the Zoroastrian religion of Persia, it was a symbol of the revolving sun, infinity, or continuing creation. It rose in popularity in Buddhism during the Mauryan Empire and in Hinduism with the decline of Buddhism in India during the Gupta Empire. With the spread of Buddhism, the Buddhist swastika reached Tibet and China.
So now you know.